Acne: What you Need to Know About this Skin Condition and How to Treat It

What is Acne?

Acne is one of the most devastating skin conditions.  It is characterized by painful inflammations that mainly attack teenagers and adults. In most victims, it begins during adolescence and prolongs up to many years in adulthood.

About 90% of adolescents develop acne across the world.

Although the rate at which the disease manifests in men and women is almost the same during teenage years, more women continue to experience the condition until they get into their 40’s. The neck, face, back and upper arms are the main target areas of acne pimples.

What Causes Acne?

The pathogenesis of acne is linked to increased production of sebum in the human skin.  When excess sebum accumulates in the skin pores or hair follicles it leads to the formation of comedone.

Once bacterial action occurs in the sebaceous glands, it triggers the release of enzymes that cause an inflammatory response. Further research shows that there are numerous factors that can contribute to the formation of acne pimples. The main ones include are lifestyle choices and beauty products.


Basic factors such as the food we eat, exercises and water consumption are lifestyle choices that influence the condition of the skin. Excess proteins and oily foods can damage the condition of the skin. This is true especially for individuals with sensitive skin. Overdoing foods such as eggs can lead to severe breakouts. Exercises and consumption of enough water contributes to healthier skin.

How to Treat Acne?

Dermatologists advise people with acne-prone skin to combine relevant treatment methods with a healthy lifestyle. For example, eating foods that are rich in fruits and vegetables and drinking enough water daily can be very helpful. The most common treatment methods for acne include; use of skin care products such as healing clays, creams and essential oils, topical retinoids and antibiotics, and hormonal therapies.

Clays and creams are used to treat mild acne.